The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages where the title of Lieutenant General was held by the second in command on the battlefield, normally subordinate to a Captain General.
In most nations, a Lieutenant General ranks immediately below a General and above a Major General.
Colonel is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world.
The rank of Colonel is one of the oldest in existence, dating as far back to the time of the Roman Empire.
The naval equivalent to a Major is, in most nations, the rank of Lieutenant Commander.